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 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Usage 


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Human Immunodeficiency Virus

HTML for HIV Acronym

when HIV means Human Immunodeficiency Virus

New! Now updated with the inheritance rules for the title attribute in HTML 5

The easiest way to create HTML code indicating that the acronym HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus is to simply include the acronym in an HTML <a> tag and an abbreviation tag (not an acronym tag):

<a href="http://www.Acronyms.net/terms/h/Human-Immunodeficiency-Virus/" title="Human Immunodeficiency Virus"
onclick="if (confirm('HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus')) return false;"
>
<abbr>HIV</abbr>
</a>

This is the recommended code for both HTML 4 browsers and HTML 5 browsers. Some browsers, most notably IE, do not activate help when the title attribute is coded on the <abbr> tag, but they do work as expected for titles on the <a> tag. The <abbr> tag inherits its title attribute from the parent <a> tag.

If you are creating HTML code for the definition of Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the meaning of the acronym HIV, then include a <dfn> definition tag around the <abbr> abbreviation tag and follow the entire HTML code for the hypertext link with the definition of the term:

<p>A <a href="http://www.Acronyms.net/terms/h/Human-Immunodeficiency-Virus/" title="Human Immunodeficiency Virus"
onclick="if (confirm('HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus')) return false;"
>
<dfn><abbr title="Human Immunodeficiency Virus">HIV</abbr>
</a> is ...(definition of Human Immunodeficiency Virus)....</p>

The <dfn> tag gets the term being defined from the title attribute of the <abbr> tag. The result should look like this (hovering your mouse over the HIV acronym shows the expanded meaning of the acronym):

A HIV is ...(definition of "Human Immunodeficiency Virus")....

If you are creating HTML code that simply expands the acronym then indicate that it is the HIV acronymn which is being defined using an HTML <dfn> tag with a title attribute around the <abbr> tag and follow the HTML for the hypertext link with the acronym definition:

<p>When we use the acronym <a href="http://www.Acronyms.net/terms/h/Human-Immunodeficiency-Virus/" title="Human Immunodeficiency Virus"
onclick="if (confirm('HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus')) return false;"
>
<dfn title="HIV"><abbr title="Human Immunodeficiency Virus">HIV</abbr></dfn>
</a> it is the abbreviation for Human Immunodeficiency Virus.</p>

The result should look like this (hovering your mouse over the HIV acronym shows the definition):

When we use the acronym HIV it is the abbreviation for Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

Acronym Vocabulary URI Declaration

For the remaining examples, the Acronym Vocabulary namespace URI needs to be declared for use with element tag names and attribute values. For an HTML web page, the beginning of the file should look like this:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE html [
<!ENTITY at "http://Acronyms.net/terms/">
<!ENTITY av "http://Acronyms.net/vocabulary/">
]>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:av="&av;">
<head>
<style type="text/css">
.hide { display: none }
</style>
...

This only needs to be done once per document file.

XLink simple link

First, declare the vocabulary as shown above. Then, add acronyms as follows:

<a href="http://www.Acronyms.net/terms/h/Human-Immunodeficiency-Virus/" title="Human Immunodeficiency Virus"
xlink:type="simple"
xlink:href="http://www.Acronyms.net/terms/h/Human-Immunodeficiency-Virus/"
xlink:arcrole="&av;definedAt"
xlink:role="&av;definition"
xlink:title="Human Immunodeficiency Virus"
xlink:show="new"
xlink:actuate="onRequest"
>
<abbr
xlink:type="simple"
xlink:href="&at;Human-Immunodeficiency-Virus"
xlink:arcrole="&av;standsFor"
xlink:role="&av;term"
xlink:title="HIV - Human Immunodeficiency Virus"
xlink:show="new"
xlink:actuate="onRequest"
>HIV</abbr></dfn>
</a>

XLink extended link

First, declare the vocabulary as shown above. Then, add acronyms as follows:

<a xlink:type="extended" href="http://www.Acronyms.net/terms/h/Human-Immunodeficiency-Virus/" title="Human Immunodeficiency Virus">
<abbr xlink:type="resource" xlink:label="acronym">HIV</abbr>
<span class="hide" xlink:type="resource" xlink:label="verbal" xlink:title="pronunciation">h i v</span>
<span class="hide" xlink:type="resource" xlink:label="expand" xlink:title="expansion">Human Immunodeficiency Virus</span>
<span class="hide" xlink:type="locator" xlink:label="term" xlink:role="&av;term" xlink:href="&at;Human-Immunodeficiency-Virus" xlink:title="Human Immunodeficiency Virus"/>
<span class="hide" xlink:type="locator" xlink:label="definition" xlink:role="&av;definition" xlink:href="http://www.Acronyms.net/terms/h/Human-Immunodeficiency-Virus/" xlink:title="Human Immunodeficiency Virus"/>
<span class="hide" xlink:type="locator" xlink:label="finder" xlink:role="&av;reference" xlink:href="http://www.Acronyms.net/reference/h/HIV#Human-Immunodeficiency-Virus" xlink:title="HIV - Human Immunodeficiency Virus"/>
<span class="hide" xlink:type="arc" xlink:from="acronym" xlink:arcrole="&av;pronounceAs" xlink:to="verbal" xlink:actuate="onLoad"/>
<span class="hide" xlink:type="arc" xlink:from="acronym" xlink:arcrole="&av;expandsTo" xlink:to="expand"/>
<span class="hide" xlink:type="arc" xlink:from="acronym" xlink:arcrole="&av;standsFor" xlink:to="term"/>
<span class="hide" xlink:type="arc" xlink:from="term" xlink:arcrole="&av;definedAt" xlink:to="definition" xlink:show="new" xlink:actuate="onRequest"/>
<span class="hide" xlink:type="arc" xlink:from="acronym" xlink:arcrole="&av;foundAt" xlink:to="finder" xlink:show="new" xlink:actuate="onRequest"/>
</a>

embedded RDF metadata

First, declare the vocabulary as shown above. Then, add acronyms as follows:

<a href="http://www.Acronyms.net/terms/h/Human-Immunodeficiency-Virus/" title="Human Immunodeficiency Virus">
<abbr>HIV</abbr>
</a>

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